Education

The education system in Myanmar currently excludes rural, poor, ethnic minority children at birth due to location, language barriers, poverty, curriculum content and access to high-quality teaching adapted to the local context. Pre-school coverage in Chin State is severely limited and the levels of supervision and teaching quality diverse, with 3 to 5-year-olds often receiving no training in their own ethnic language. These problems continue on into primary school and, combined with high levels of household poverty, contribute to a school drop out rate of 18% by 11 years of age.

In rural areas, the high poverty levels, combined with lack of access to educational services, and exams often set in non-ethnic languages, contribute to only 8% of children passing their final exams at age 15, compared to 17.8% in urban areas. Specifically, in March 2017, under 2% of students passed the year 10 exams in Lailenpi town in western Chin State where Health and Hope Myanmar’s work is based. This dismal pass rate has contributed to weaknesses in local drivers for change, as only students who matriculate from year 10 are able to secure formal employment or go onto further education.

OUR GOAL is to increase the number of skilled people who are willing and able to take the lead in community development initiatives.

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Summary

This project was launched in June 2019 and is along sought-after education initiative aimed at tackling the Year 10 pass rate among ‘repeater students’, those who have attempted to take the exam and failed. The project will work with 100 of these students, providing them with 10 months of full-time education to enable them to complete this qualification.

Challenge

Children in Chin State live in a neglected and impoverished region of Myanmar and face a myriad of challenges in their attempts to seek a basic education. The education system currently excludes rural, poor, ethnic minority children at birth due to location, language barriers, poverty, curriculum content and access to high quality teaching adapted to the local context and understanding. This has led to dismal pass rates of only 1.6% for Grade 10 high school students in some rural areas.

 

Solution

The Education for All project launched in June 2019 and will enable us to launch a long sought after education initiative aimed at tackling the year 10 pass rate among ‘repeater’ students, those who have attempted to take the exam for many years and failed. The project will provide full-time education to around 100 students, with the aim of radically changing their life opportunities through a significant increase in the Year 10 matriculation rate over the next 12 months.  The project will: 

  • Provide a safe place to study after school 
  • Provide supplementary food to undernourished and malnourished children daily 
  • Provide a library of educational materials to support their studies 
  • Provide a range of well-equipped tutors for out-of-school study support

In June, the first students arrived in Lailenpi from surrounding villages, and have signed up to receive tutoring for the next ten months at the recently built Health and Hope Training Centre. The project was piloted in 2018, supporting 202 students part-time, who were studying in two schools in Lailenpi town. The team focused on providing additional tutoring in English, Maths, Physics and Biology.  The Year 10 exam results are just out and there was a significant improvement...

As a result of the pilot project, 24% of students passed their exams compared to under 10% two years ago. The 2019 result means that an additional 21 students passed the Year 10 exam in comparison to 2018 at a cost of £182 per student.

Whilst the pass rate in Chin State continued to be the lowest for the whole country, students in Lailenpi achieved a 4% higher pass rate than the state average (20%), with the highest state in the country achieving 37%. For a remote rural town, this is a significant achievement, almost matching the pass rate of students from the state capital, Hakha.